Monthly Archives: March 2016

Need for a New Constitution

According to Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) democracy can be established only in very small countries in which direct representation can be achieved. In larger countries delegation of power is absolutely necessary. Rousseau says that democracies frequently are subject to indecision, too many men control the affairs of the state and too much deliberation takes place. In India apart from languages spoken, differences in marriage rites, performance of religious ceremonies, cuisine, dress, celebration of festivals exists. The only unifying factor is the Hindu religion and Hindu religious literature. For example Onam festival, one of the important festivals in Kerala is not celebrated by non-Keralites, while Kadva Chouth is not celebrated in South India. While Pongal is a big festival in Tamilnadu, it is Durga Puja in Bengal and Ganapati Puja in Maharashtra. Hence each State in India has its own unique rich cultural heritage which to protect states must have authority. Just because all States have a majority of Hindu population is not the excuse for a centrally dominated rule. After 1947 though Islam was the religion of Pakistan, due to linguistic and cultural differences, Bangladesh took its birth when East Pakistan broke away in 1971. Similarly Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and other Arab countries are independent of each other in spite of them being Arabs professing Islam. Similarly France, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Italy and other countries in Europe are independent countries though they profess Catholicism.

Rectifying inequality

Do the portraits which adore in our parliament have eminent personalities from all States of India? Do we have men and women from all States on whose birth anniversary the whole nation is celebrating? If not will it not mean that there are no eminent men or achievers in that State who have nothing to contribute to the nation? In our history book also only reference to a few men and women are given. In our national anthem we have the name of Sindh; a province in Pakistan but in one sweep includes all the States of South India in the name Dravida. Each State in the south has its own rich historical, cultural and literary tradition which cannot be belittled. Just imagine what will be the feeling of school going children in various States while studying modern Indian history? Will not a question arise in their mind as to why there is no reference of men and women of their State in history text books? Did not our State produce eminent men and women who have contributed to the freedom struggle? Why streets are not named after men and women of our State in other parts of the country while in our State we have statues, parks, suburbs and streets named after men and women of other States.

Respecting Diversity

Why should States in India have autonomy? Because to protect and promote the unique culture, language, customs and tradition which exists among the different States. At present in many States school for linguistic minorities exists. The promotion of these schools hampers children of linguistic minorities to learn the State language and assimilate with the State culture. It creates ghetto mentality and creates ill will among the local inhabitants and also unnecessary tensions in the society. Any person who wishes to make a particular State his residence should compulsorily acquire fluency in the language of the State and became aware of its history and culture within a certain period. Only after passing a language test held by the State authority they should be given the right to vote in State assemblies and hold movable properties in State. Disputes over border areas of different States should be solved once for all on the basis of territorial size. Say if two States have dispute over an area which they claim to be theirs, the one which is bigger in size should give away its claim and in return the other State should give monetary benefits to it for resettling the people who like to relocate to the other State for which they wanted the said disputed place to be merged on the basis of language. This will put an end to language wars between different States and on reciprocity basis films of different languages should be screened in the State. This will give impetus to the growth of local language films. Also States should stop erecting of statues and naming of streets of person other than men of their language. Only a person who respects and love his mother will show similar sentiments to other women similarly a person who is proud of his mother tongue and State will respect his country.

Power to the States   

The present generation needs a new constitution based on justice and fair play with members of every caste given their fair share of power based on their numerical strength. As we all know India is a country where people speak a variety of languages, follow different faith, customs and cuisine. Hence a truly Federal form of government with two constitutions, one drafted by the states and other by the Union is best suited for India. Giving autonomy to the states will in fact lead to India becoming stronger. The central government could look after portfolios like Defense, External Affairs, Currency, Communication and some vital subjects effecting more than one state. There should be a Federal Court to solve any interstate dispute. Once for all boundary and river disputes between states should be solved. The state constitution to have a clause which allow only those political parties and persons who are domiciled in the state for a minimum of certain years, knowing the history, culture and language of the state and who are ready to protect the interests of the state, its language and people at any cost to contest for polls. Those not knowing the language of the state should not be allowed to participate in the elections either as contestants or voters. All Indians should have the right to settle anywhere in India but they should as a duty learn the language of the state in which they reside, respect the culture and sentiments of the people there and should not try to dominate them but blend with the local traditions and customs in a harmonious way.

Chief Minister to be elected directly by the electorates

The Chief Minister of the state should be elected directly by the people and he should choose his panel of ministers from the expertise pool of people, distinguished attorneys, scientists, administrators, thinkers, social workers and men of caliber on non-party basis. As the Chief Minister will not be at the mercy of elected representatives there would be no scope for nepotism, purchasing of MLAs and promising them of plum ministries and chairmanship of Boards and Corporations with an intention of minting money. This step would drastically reduce corruption existing in the government offices.

Chief Ministerial post for all castes

The term of the Chief Minister should be for forty months and all castes having a numerical strength of more than one million should have their candidate for Chief Minister’s post by rotation. It will work in this way. Chits bearing the name of the caste should be randomly picked by a celebrity in the presence of all community leaders and political parties. Once the name of the caste is picked, all political parties should field the candidate belonging to that particular caste. One among them would be chosen by the voters, who would be citizens of the state, over 30 years of age and fluent in the language of that state. Similarly members belonging to castes whose numerical strength is below one million but more than half a million should be chosen for the post of Deputy Chief Minister. The selection is the same as that of Chief Minister. In this way members of all communities of the state would get a chance to occupy the highest position in the state.

Composition of State Legislature

All states should have a bicameral legislative assembly. The lower house should have elected members representing a particular area/place, each having a population of about 10 to 15 lakh. The upper house should have representatives representing castes of the state, whose numerical strength is very small to be considered for the post of either Chief Minister or Deputy Chief Minister and elected by the members of their caste. While the former should try to develop the constituency that he represents, the latter should protect the interest of his caste members of the state as a whole.

Post of President on Rotational basis

The Central government should be headed by a person designated as President, each state getting its chance to have its candidate for the post. Every prospective candidate for these post should beforehand place before the public their master plan/blueprint on what new programs and policies they are going to implement and how if they come to power. Voters across the country will select directly the suitable candidate from among the several candidates from that particular state for a period of five years. Similar to the Chief Minister the President should for his ministry pick up experts from various fields to assist him in running the government. There should be a single legislative body at the Center with equal representatives from all states. These representatives should work on behalf of their states and are to be elected directly by the votes of the state with minimum academic qualifications.

Strengthen Hinduism

This type of decentralization will promote patriotism among the masses as people of all states irrespective of their population will get a chance to enjoy power at the center. As each state will promote and protect its language and culture, this will indirectly strengthen Hinduism as Assamese culture, Marathi culture or Tamil culture is nothing but Hindu culture.

Advertisements
Ithihas

Kaleidoscope of Indian civilization