Category Archives: Uncategorized

Wasted opportunities, misplaced priorities

It is a well-known fact that Indian history as taught in schools and colleges since 1947 is heavily biased in favour of Marxists and Muslim communalists. This was because; the Congress party which held the reins of power in India after the British left the subcontinent, was anti-Hindu in their outlook and ideology. As a result everything Hindu was looked with antipathy including the glorious past of the Hindus and their achievements. When the NDA government under A.B.Vajpayee came to power there was a ray of hope that the Marxist interpretation of Indian history would make way for an objective history, but nothing happened. When the Modi government came to power in 2014 many nationalists hoped that he would appoint Sri Arun Shourie, an eminent intellectual as the HRD Minister, who in turn would have initiated the project to write Indian history in an unbiased and scientific manner. But once again hopes were dashed when an actress was appointed as HRD Minister. Nor did the services of scholars like Shrikant Talageri, S.Kalyanaraman, Koenraad Elst were utilized by making them members of the I.C.H.R. The new government appointed Sudharshan Rao as Chairman of Indian Council of Historical Research (I.C.H.R) and after two years we are hearing that ICHR is planning to document the legends associated with villages and towns in India. We already have local history in the form of Stala Purana which contains mainly hearsay and myths. Now public money is being wasted to document the same from persons who refer the old Stala Purana to give details about their place. How the validity of the details so documented, will be scrutinized by the ICHR is a question to be pondered? Instead the ICHR could have started a project to critically evaluate and interpret the existing 18 Puranas so that historians could have extracted material from them to reconstruct the history of ancient India.

The Puranas contain a mine of information about ancient Indian history, but is interpolated with absurdities and fables by some unscrupulous writers of the later period. Today there is an urgent need to edit and properly interpret the information contained in the Puranas and bring out critical editions of the same. If not, unknowingly many persons who genuinely love Hindu culture and tradition publish articles about our ancient sages and seers using information given in the Puranas. To give an example one person had published an article on Sri Krishna whereby he mentioned that Sri Krishna had married 16,000 maidens whom he rescued from the clutches of a demon Narakasura. This story is just a wild imagination of a person who interpolated it in the Puranas. But as Puranas are revered, this story is believed by people who neglect to use their commonsense. But these types of blunders cannot be taken lightly as people who want to deride Hindu Gods use this materials published by nationalist Hindu websites as reference/citation to humiliate or browbeat a Hindu in an argument.

As the so called nationalist Government has repeatedly failed to correct the fallacies contained in our prescribed history textbooks, it is time for individual historians and researchers with an objective bent of mind to do the same. There is no need to start writing ancient Indian history from scratch using primary sources. This work has already been done by many scholars of pre-independence period, whose name have gone into oblivion and their published books found in antique stores. The present day historians just have to-

  1. Make use of the works of those eminent nationalist scholars to present ancient Indian history factually and
  2. To unanimously adapt one among the two dates (3067 B.C. or 2449 B.C.) ascribed to the period in which the Mahabharata war was fought, as this date can be the sheet anchor for reconstructing the history of ancient India beginning with Manu.

Need for a New Constitution

According to Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) democracy can be established only in very small countries in which direct representation can be achieved. In larger countries delegation of power is absolutely necessary. Rousseau says that democracies frequently are subject to indecision, too many men control the affairs of the state and too much deliberation takes place. In India apart from languages spoken, differences in marriage rites, performance of religious ceremonies, cuisine, dress, celebration of festivals exists. The only unifying factor is the Hindu religion and Hindu religious literature. For example Onam festival, one of the important festivals in Kerala is not celebrated by non-Keralites, while Kadva Chouth is not celebrated in South India. While Pongal is a big festival in Tamilnadu, it is Durga Puja in Bengal and Ganapati Puja in Maharashtra. Hence each State in India has its own unique rich cultural heritage which to protect states must have authority. Just because all States have a majority of Hindu population is not the excuse for a centrally dominated rule. After 1947 though Islam was the religion of Pakistan, due to linguistic and cultural differences, Bangladesh took its birth when East Pakistan broke away in 1971. Similarly Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and other Arab countries are independent of each other in spite of them being Arabs professing Islam. Similarly France, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Italy and other countries in Europe are independent countries though they profess Catholicism.

Rectifying inequality

Do the portraits which adore in our parliament have eminent personalities from all States of India? Do we have men and women from all States on whose birth anniversary the whole nation is celebrating? If not will it not mean that there are no eminent men or achievers in that State who have nothing to contribute to the nation? In our history book also only reference to a few men and women are given. In our national anthem we have the name of Sindh; a province in Pakistan but in one sweep includes all the States of South India in the name Dravida. Each State in the south has its own rich historical, cultural and literary tradition which cannot be belittled. Just imagine what will be the feeling of school going children in various States while studying modern Indian history? Will not a question arise in their mind as to why there is no reference of men and women of their State in history text books? Did not our State produce eminent men and women who have contributed to the freedom struggle? Why streets are not named after men and women of our State in other parts of the country while in our State we have statues, parks, suburbs and streets named after men and women of other States.

Respecting Diversity

Why should States in India have autonomy? Because to protect and promote the unique culture, language, customs and tradition which exists among the different States. At present in many States school for linguistic minorities exists. The promotion of these schools hampers children of linguistic minorities to learn the State language and assimilate with the State culture. It creates ghetto mentality and creates ill will among the local inhabitants and also unnecessary tensions in the society. Any person who wishes to make a particular State his residence should compulsorily acquire fluency in the language of the State and became aware of its history and culture within a certain period. Only after passing a language test held by the State authority they should be given the right to vote in State assemblies and hold movable properties in State. Disputes over border areas of different States should be solved once for all on the basis of territorial size. Say if two States have dispute over an area which they claim to be theirs, the one which is bigger in size should give away its claim and in return the other State should give monetary benefits to it for resettling the people who like to relocate to the other State for which they wanted the said disputed place to be merged on the basis of language. This will put an end to language wars between different States and on reciprocity basis films of different languages should be screened in the State. This will give impetus to the growth of local language films. Also States should stop erecting of statues and naming of streets of person other than men of their language. Only a person who respects and love his mother will show similar sentiments to other women similarly a person who is proud of his mother tongue and State will respect his country.

Power to the States   

The present generation needs a new constitution based on justice and fair play with members of every caste given their fair share of power based on their numerical strength. As we all know India is a country where people speak a variety of languages, follow different faith, customs and cuisine. Hence a truly Federal form of government with two constitutions, one drafted by the states and other by the Union is best suited for India. Giving autonomy to the states will in fact lead to India becoming stronger. The central government could look after portfolios like Defense, External Affairs, Currency, Communication and some vital subjects effecting more than one state. There should be a Federal Court to solve any interstate dispute. Once for all boundary and river disputes between states should be solved. The state constitution to have a clause which allow only those political parties and persons who are domiciled in the state for a minimum of certain years, knowing the history, culture and language of the state and who are ready to protect the interests of the state, its language and people at any cost to contest for polls. Those not knowing the language of the state should not be allowed to participate in the elections either as contestants or voters. All Indians should have the right to settle anywhere in India but they should as a duty learn the language of the state in which they reside, respect the culture and sentiments of the people there and should not try to dominate them but blend with the local traditions and customs in a harmonious way.

Chief Minister to be elected directly by the electorates

The Chief Minister of the state should be elected directly by the people and he should choose his panel of ministers from the expertise pool of people, distinguished attorneys, scientists, administrators, thinkers, social workers and men of caliber on non-party basis. As the Chief Minister will not be at the mercy of elected representatives there would be no scope for nepotism, purchasing of MLAs and promising them of plum ministries and chairmanship of Boards and Corporations with an intention of minting money. This step would drastically reduce corruption existing in the government offices.

Chief Ministerial post for all castes

The term of the Chief Minister should be for forty months and all castes having a numerical strength of more than one million should have their candidate for Chief Minister’s post by rotation. It will work in this way. Chits bearing the name of the caste should be randomly picked by a celebrity in the presence of all community leaders and political parties. Once the name of the caste is picked, all political parties should field the candidate belonging to that particular caste. One among them would be chosen by the voters, who would be citizens of the state, over 30 years of age and fluent in the language of that state. Similarly members belonging to castes whose numerical strength is below one million but more than half a million should be chosen for the post of Deputy Chief Minister. The selection is the same as that of Chief Minister. In this way members of all communities of the state would get a chance to occupy the highest position in the state.

Composition of State Legislature

All states should have a bicameral legislative assembly. The lower house should have elected members representing a particular area/place, each having a population of about 10 to 15 lakh. The upper house should have representatives representing castes of the state, whose numerical strength is very small to be considered for the post of either Chief Minister or Deputy Chief Minister and elected by the members of their caste. While the former should try to develop the constituency that he represents, the latter should protect the interest of his caste members of the state as a whole.

Post of President on Rotational basis

The Central government should be headed by a person designated as President, each state getting its chance to have its candidate for the post. Every prospective candidate for these post should beforehand place before the public their master plan/blueprint on what new programs and policies they are going to implement and how if they come to power. Voters across the country will select directly the suitable candidate from among the several candidates from that particular state for a period of five years. Similar to the Chief Minister the President should for his ministry pick up experts from various fields to assist him in running the government. There should be a single legislative body at the Center with equal representatives from all states. These representatives should work on behalf of their states and are to be elected directly by the votes of the state with minimum academic qualifications.

Strengthen Hinduism

This type of decentralization will promote patriotism among the masses as people of all states irrespective of their population will get a chance to enjoy power at the center. As each state will promote and protect its language and culture, this will indirectly strengthen Hinduism as Assamese culture, Marathi culture or Tamil culture is nothing but Hindu culture.

The Bhagavatha Purana and the Science of Genetics

The Bhagavatha Purana also called Srimad Bhagavatam is the most popular among the 18 Puranas and is divided into 12 skandhas (cantos) or books and contains 18,000 shlokas (hymns). This devotional literature of the Hindus describes the various incarnation of Lord Vishnu, one among the famous Gods of Hindus. But the most amazing fact about this work probably composed in the 12th century A.D. is that the author had intuitively been aware of some of the facts which modern geneticists speak of.

Modern genetics says that our genome does not separate us from other species and we are closely tied to the rest of life on this planet by our DNA and this closeness to other organisms include animals, plants, fungi and bacteria.(Katie McKissick – What’s in your Genes). In Bhagavatha Purana (VI.16.4), we find sage Narada addressing the soul of a deceased son of a king to reenter his (deceased son) body and put an end to the lamentation of his parents who are grieving over his death. To this the soul of the deceased son of the king questions who his parents are; as due to past actions (karma), he had taken birth as god, animal and human being and had father and mother from all the above species. Through this statement the author of Bhagavatha Purana shows the interrelation of all living species. According to the science of genetics, 99.9% of the gene code of all human beings is the same. Bhagavatha Purana (VI.16.5) says that as a result of a result of countless, successive births and inter relations; all men eventually become related to one another.

Life is a Chance

Though it is a fact that genes are responsible for the way we live, the diseases we inherit, out attitude, behavior, etc., geneticists like Tim Spector have found that twins who have inherited the same genes differ in their likes, attitudes, modes, etc.(Tim Spector – Identically DifferentWhy We Can Change Our Genes). Similarly it is well known that environment, diet and life style also affects the influence of genes over our bodies. Then there is the unexplained role of mutations occurring in genes.

In evolution theory it is assumed that from primitive organisms other organisms including man evolved gradually. This theory does not have an answer as to how even after the evolution of man, other organisms like apes from which man is said to have evolved continues to exist. For instance a caterpillar forms a cocoon and emerges as a butterfly. But in the case of man we find him existing along with apes from which he is said to have evolved. Geneticist may say that mutation which occurred among a few apes could have led them to emerge as human beings while in those apes where mutation did not take place remained as apes and continue to reproduce apes. But why mutation occurred in a few apes and not others? For this Richard Fortey in his work, Life- A natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth writes that Chance plays an important role in life. The analogy of permutations in a game of chance has long been applied to genetic mutations (spontaneous changes in the genetic code). While some mutations lead to nothing, some may have disadvantages and some may even be lethal. But those rare mutations that hit upon an advantageous combination produce the big payoff—the jackpot. “It is luck which determines which animals, when and where are attached to a particular continent (place),” he adds.

Theory of Karma

But what is the substratum for ‘chance’ or ‘luck’. This is explained by Bhagavatha Purana in a rational manner through the theory of karma (actions, both positive and negative. Before brought into existence, a living being (soul) is not asked for its consent or choice as to what form of life (plant or animal), parents, gender, nationality or religion would it choose. This shows that the law of karma plays an active role in assigning each and every living being its place in this world. Hence in Bhagavatha Purana (VIII.4.4,5,6) we find a crocodile who in its former birth was a gandharva (a demi god) and a king due to a curse is born as an elephant in his next birth.

Like the Creationists Bhagavatha Purana ascribes a divine role in creation but it does not believe in the superiority of man over other organisms and believes in the karma theory which explains how souls assume forms based on their past action. Even if born as a human, a soul can also take birth in an animal or plant form. Though Bhagavatha Purana is a theological work it is bio centric and sees the world and its creatures as one substance, one organic body created by a divine force simultaneously and not through gradual evolution.

For a Resurrecting Bharath

For Bharath to be resurrected as a world power and Sanatana Dharma to be followed all over the world, the following organizations have to be started.

  • Sanatana Parishad– To spread the sublime practices of Sanatana Dharma and to promote it across the globe. From the first generation converts our expectation should be that they get disconnected from their old religion. Only the second generation can be fully Sanatanised. Hence conversion should be made easy for those who desire to adapt Sanatana Dharma. A model of how to adapt Sanatana Dharma for beginners is given in this site http://sanatanaparishad.blogspot.in/
  • Sanatana Dharma Granth Parishodhan Samithi– A lot of interpolation has taken place in our ancient religious texts and this was done by unscrupulous persons with vested interests when these texts were put into writing and during subsequent revisions. The above Samithi should identify and remove offensive, obnoxious and illogical verses/statements made in all our sacred texts including epics and puranas and republish it.
  • Sanatana Bharath Punaruththan Samithi– To document practical ideas that would make Bharath a world power, to eradicate poverty, bring social harmony, bring progress and prosperity, end corruption and make Bharath a leading economic and military power.
  • Sanatana Sena– To organize an exclusive militia for the protection of Sanatanis across the world and especially in Bharath. For those who are skeptic about the feasibility of this militia, just think over this issue. The Indian army is five million that is about fifty lakh men strong. The main reason for the majority of those who have joined the army is because it offers a secure career and for some the prestige the uniform gives and for some the thrill the armed forces offer in terms of sports, foreign travel (especially for men in the Navy) and other adventures. Only a few hundred may have joined due to patriotic sentiments. But this never deters the Indian army to fight against the enemy when the situation arises. Similarly for the formation of Sanatana Sena what we need is just fifty dedicated Sanatanis in each Indian State who are ready for any sacrifices. They should be well versed in the language of the State, its history, culture, customs and day to day politics of the State. With twenty nine States plus the Union territory of Delhi, the total number of volunteers for the Sanatana Sena would be 1500. Well with this small force can we fight against anti Bharath and anti Sanatanis forces? Yes we can when each Sanatanis hires just ten mercenaries who would work for him for money. This means 1500 Sanatani Sainiks will have 13,500 men under their command. What we need is a good source of funding. When this is secured, with proper planning, modern technology and equipment we can eliminate our enemy and be a terror to them. A very good example is how with its tiny population the State of Israel has been fighting against its Arab neighbours with huge population. Moreover the Sanatani Sainiks in each State should coordinate with each other to fight the enemies of Sanatanis.

To realize the above objectives Sanatani patriots free from caste, language and race prejudices should come together at sanatanasena@gmail.com

Achieving Hindu unity

The Hindu Mahasabha was founded in 1911 and the RSS in 1925. The growth of RSS has been tremendous with shakas in every nook and corner of the country. The political front of the RSS, the BJP (now the ruling party at the Centre) has tasted power not only in the Centre for one full term but also has been ruling in several states for decades. But still let alone establishing a Hindu Rashtra, even taking pride about ones Hindu identity, its history, tradition and culture is met with ridicule and having the stigma of being called communal. This is the reality in a country where nearly 80 percent of the populations are Hindus. Contrast this with other movements and organization. The Muslim League was established in 1906 and in 1940 it resolved to have a separate Muslim nation and within seven years realized it. When unity among Muslims could be achieved, what is hindering unity and consensus among Hindus? Even in its own land Hindus have been divided into plethora of castes, sub-castes, sects, sub-sects and creeds. Having produced philosophical and spiritual treatises like the Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita and Advaita philosophy, Hindus have failed to give spiritual solace to the world while fanatical cults masquerading as peaceful religion have been able to attract worldwide adherents. In spite of centuries of political slavery, Hindus are little prepared to face the imminent threat to their religion and culture from alien forces. All these need critical evaluation and honest introspection among Hindus. Only when we go to the root of an ailment, can remedy be found. Some of the causes hindering Hindu unity and the probable steps to remedy it are analyzed here.

Establishing our real identity

The first step towards achieving Hindu unity is to become aware of who we are. Are we Hindus or Sanatanis? Is our nation- India, Hindustan or Bharath? Just because some x cannot pronounce your name and misspells it, do you repeat that name which that x had spelled or tell your correct name if someone asks your name? Commonsense tells us that we introduce ourselves with our real name and not the misspelt name given by some x. The name Hindu was the word used by the Persians (Iranians) to describe the religion practiced by the people living on the eastern side of River Sindhu which they pronounced as Hindu. Hence the name Hindu for Sanatanis, Hinduism for Sanatana Dharma and Hindustan for Bharath (the real name of India) came into vogue. For centuries we Sanatanis have been unknowing using the word Hindu religion to describe the spiritual ideals of Sanatana Dharma. The time has now come for us to declare that we are not Hindus but Sanatanis and ours is not a religion but a way of life which any one could adapt. Sanatana Dharma is not like other religious faiths which are restrictive and dogmatic but a way of life containing spiritual ideals which are transcendental in nature.

Showcase Sanatana Dharma as a way of life than a religion

Religion means belief, faith in a god; wherein a follower has to obey his (god’s) commands, so as not to displease him, beg him for material needs and appease him so that he gives him a place in the heaven to enjoy unlimited sensual pleasures. Religions are dogmatic, restrictive and irrational. Using the word religion for Sanatana Dharma will be wrong and degrading. Sanatana Dharma is not a religion like Islam or Christianity with strict dos and don’ts. It is a way of life with high spiritual ideals contained in the Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita and the Advaita philosophy.

Lala Hardayal, the great patriot had once remarked that if we have to keep our children and grandchildren safe from Islam, we need to convert not only the whole of Pakistan (and Bangladesh) but also Afghanistan into Hindus. Keeping this in view, Hindu should put efforts to bring more and more non-Hindus into the Sanatana fold. This they can achieve only if they reform Hinduism and get rid it of obnoxious belief and practices. At present Hindu organisations try to impose their opinion and views on the way people should dress, what not to eat and how to behave in public. For instance they are against women wearing western dresses, mingling of boys and girls, celebrating Valentine’s Day, eating beef and consuming alcohol, to mention a few. But spirituality has nothing to do with diet, dress or what one does during his/her leisure time. Hindu organizations should not interfere in the personal affairs of individuals, if not they will antagonize the youths who will develop a negative attitude towards Hinduism and its culture. Though our youths may initially feel attracted towards western culture, as they mature they will definitely return back to their roots. To give an instance it was the young men and women working in corporate sectors, having gone abroad and exposed to western culture who showed enthusiasm and worked for getting Modi elected as Prime Minister of India. Why, because they felt that only Modi can bring back the lost glory of India and Hinduism. Non-Hindus should be able to find Hindu religion attractive and progressive to accept it. Otherwise Hinduism will be like just another religion with dos and don’ts. For instance if a Muslim converts to Hinduism he/she finds that instead of burqa, devote Hindu women are supposed to cover their head with pallu, instead of fasting from dawn to dusk in the month of Ramdan, devote Hindus are supposed to fast on ekadashi day and if as a Muslim consuming pork becomes haram, after becoming a Hindu, consuming beef becomes haram. Sanatana Dharma is a way of life which even an atheist or agonistic can follow. It is a life of freedom. To follow the spiritual ideals of Sanatana Dharma one need not have to believe in God or a prophet, chant mantras or read holy books. Sanatana Dharma with its motto Sarvam Brahmamaya believes in the divinity in all forms; with or without consciousness. To become aware of this divinity is the final goal in life for all who adapt the way of life prescribed by Sanatana Dharma. See http://sanatanaparishad.blogspot.in

Hindu organizations should shed conservatism

Whether it is RSS, BJP or VHP, all organizations advocating the cause of Hindus and Hinduism are led by orthodox minded people and influenced by conservative ideology. One fact which all Hindus should be aware of is that if the Muslims become conservative, they attract adherents and achieve unity. For instance see how the Taliban, Al-Qaida and the Islamic State of Syria are attracting educated Muslims all over the world. But if the Hindus become conservative, it will be a hindrance for Hindu unity; because a conservative Hindu means belief in caste system, touch-me-notism, polytheism, prejudice against meat eaters, western culture, etc. The percentage of Hindu conservatives may be about five percent of the total Hindu population. Now how can we accept that 95% of the population adhere to the way of life followed by 5% of the population and which include many obnoxious and hypocritical practices. India is a land of diverse culture and tradition and achieving Hindu unity by enforcing conformism is going to boomerang. Unlike in the past today the subaltern class is well-read, well organized and are proud of their customs, culture and tradition. They are aware of the happening around the world including progress in the field of science and technology. Unlike their forefathers they have developed the power of reasoning are not willing to believe in the cock and bull stories parroted by conservative elements to preserve their monopoly in the society. Hence to achieve Hindu unity Hindus must adapt a liberal attitude and shed conservatism. This will also attract new adherents to Hinduism from outside India.

Urgent need to annihilate Caste

If one has keenly observed, Muslims can be assembled at a place for a cause more easily than Hindus. Also compared to mobilizing Hindus it is easy to mobilize the members of a caste group. This shows how caste has entrenched in the psyche of Hindus and hindering Hindu unity. The indifference shown by Hindu leaders towards the plight of Dalits and other marginalized section of the Hindu society made Islam carry out its conversion activities even when Muslims had lost their political power and India was under the British rule. Ram Gopal in his work, Indian MuslimsA Political History (1858-1947) (Asia Publishing House, 1964, p.8) writes that Census Report revealed, unabated conversion during British regime and this proved beyond doubt that Islam was bound to grow in Bengal whether the backing of political power was available of not. The reason for this conversion is well analyzed by Nitish Sengupta in his work, History of the Bengali speaking people, (U.B.S.P.D. Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 2002, p 67) wherein he says that people dissatisfied with the rigours of a caste-ridden society and a religion based on vulgar ritualism turned to the new faith which promised common brotherhood, liberation from the offensive yoke of the Brahman priests and some material incentives such as easy appointments to government jobs. The process of conversion was facilitated by the practices of Hindu society, such as the one that closed the doors of the society to anyone who had been forcibly fed beef or who had taken food or water from the hands of a Muslim, or any woman who had been abducted by force and wished to return to her home and faith but was denied that right. Islam also offered young widows, the prospect of a normal and honoured life which, the   Hindu society had denied and imposed upon them a life of privation and indignity. According to Ram Gopal, the converts in Bengal remained as ignorant of Islam as of Hinduism. “Some of them” says the Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol I (1885) “have never heard of Mohammed; some regard him as a person corresponding in their system of religion to Rama or Lakshman of the Hindus. The Koran is hardly read even in Bengali and in the original Arabic not at all. Many of those who have heard of it cannot tell who wrote it. Yet any Muslim peasant is able to repeat a few scraps of prayer in Arabic. This prayer gave him a sense of religion and he considered himself as a member of a socio cum religious system, which he did not have it when he was, a Hindu. (Indian Muslims – A Political History (1858-1947), Asia Publishing House, 1964. p.9) Early Smriti writers had stated that if a woman was criminally assaulted, she was not to be socially ostracized and readmitted into the family and society after some penance and purification. This procedure was followed in the beginning in the case of women forcibly converted and violated. The Devala Smriti went to the extent of declaring that women of this unfortunate category should be readmitted to the fold of Hinduism even if their violation was followed by pregnancy. This liberal viewpoint was however given up by 1000 A.D. From that time onwards, Hindu women once carried away by force into the fold of Islam had no hope of return to the religion of their birth. They had to reconcile themselves with their captors and live a miserable life, not much different from a concubine. (Swami Madhavananda and R.C.Majumdar (Edited), Great Women of India, Advaita Ashrama, Calcutta, P. 44) According to Anil A.Athale, in Kashmir the majority of the people were forced to give up the religion of their forefathers in the 17th and 18th century under the rule of fanatic Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. In the later part of the 19th century, a delegation of Kashmiri Muslims went to Varanasi, to get the approval of Brahmins there to return to Hindu fold, but the priests declined their request. Even today most common family name in Kashmir is Butt, a distortion of Bhatt, a Hindu surname common amongst the Brahmins in India. (Let the Jhelum Smile Again. Adithya Prakashan, Mumbai, 1997, p.33). In fact the Jamait- ul- Ulema was opposed to Pakistan, as it would affect its propagation of Islam. Maulana Madani delivering a speech on 19th September 1945 in Delhi on the occasion of the formation of the Azad Muslim Parliamentary Board to fight the last constitutional battle against the demand of Pakistan said that at the termination of the Muslim rule, there were about 25 million Muslims in India. Within a period of less than a century their number increased up to 100 million. The missionary work of the Jamait has a great share in this increase. The great object of an overall spread of Islam in the whole of India cannot be realized by appealing to passion of hatred and antagonism. It is the non-Muslims who are the field of action for the tabligh (spread of Islam) and form the raw material for this splendid activity. (Ziya ul Hasan Faruqi, The Deoband School and the demand of Pakistan, Asia Publishing House, 1963. pp: 116-117) The above facts definitely reveal that lack of social cohesion had weakened the Hindu society and evangelists of various faiths had reaped its advantage.

Neglecting Upanishads and clinging to the Vedas

The Vedas form the early stage of spiritual ideals and practices of Sanatana Dharma. But the matured spiritual ideals and practices of Sanatana Dharma are found in the Upanishads. But a majority of those who identify themselves as Hindus still believe in the tenets and practices as espoused in the Vedas and the Tantras, (Spiritual practices meant for the commoners as against the Vedas which is meant for the elite class) which in today’s world have become obsolete and superfluous. The continuation of Vedic rites and rituals resulted in the orthodoxy and conservatism to gain an upper hand in Hindu religion and the Hindu society to become highly superstitious. Polytheism, caste system, silly rites and beliefs; are all the baggage which Hindus are carrying today due to their clinging of the Vedas. It is high time that Hindus adapt the Upanishad way of contemplation and meditation and also the Bhakti form of worship as enunciated by the Bhagavatas. See http://ithihas.wordpress.com/2015/01/03/is-correlation-of-upanishads-with-the-vedas-justified/  and https://ithihas.wordpress.com/2015/02/03/are-the-vedas-incompatible-with-the-ideals-of-bhagavatism-and-bhagavad-gita/

Need to identify interpolations and remove offensive remarks against non-Brahmins in our religious texts

Non-Brahmins account for nearly 95% of the Hindu population in India. Due to the mischief of some unscrupulous elements, all our religious texts have been interpolated and interspersed with offensive remarks against non-Brahmins. This was done when our sacred works were put into writing and when they were revised. To give a few instances, the majority of Hindus are degraded by inserting hymns like Purusha Sukta in the tenth mandala of Rig-Veda which mentions that from the mouth of God came the Brahmin and from his legs, the Shudras and other such nonsense. Similarly in several verses in Bhagavad Gita, the creation of castes and allotting duties to them by God are found. How can we believe in a God who preaches discrimination and inequalities? More so is the obnoxious statements made by Manu in his Manu Smriti against the majority of Hindus. These types of statements found in our religious texts provide fodder to Hindu haters like the Marxists, Christian evangelists and Muslim fundamentalists to show that Hinduism practices discrimination and this has led Hindus to convert to other religions. By highlighting these offensive remarks these Hindu haters are able to create animosity among Hindus and try to make the non-Brahmins believe that Hinduism is partial towards Brahmins. If this belief is not erased non-Brahmins comprising 95% of the Hindu population will not show interests in Hindu unity. Today there is an urgent need to remove these interpolations from our religious texts.

Establishing pro-Hindu regional organisations and parties

One allegation against Hindu organizations and parties in India is that they neglect regional languages and tradition and impose Sanskrit/Hindi and believe in enforcing cultural conformity. This allegation has become potent weapon for so called Hindu hating intellectuals; mostly Marxist to create animosity between Hindi and regional linguistic groups and prevents the growth of Hindu organisations in non-Hindi speaking states. Most of the leaders of Hindu organisations are from north India. In all their party and public meetings the medium of communication is Hindi, even when held in areas outside the Hindi belt. Not all people in India understand Hindi and they feel a sense of alienation in these meetings. As we know Bangladesh broke away from Pakistan when the latter tried to undermine Bengali, the language of Bangladeshis. Here Islam did not become a unifying factor. In Europe, countries like France, Spain, Portugal and Poland are proud of their language and culture and are not willing to give up their unique identity even though they profess Catholic religion. This shows that while religion unites the minds, language unites the hearts. Though we have many regional parties in India which try to promote and preserve their State’s language, culture and unique identity, they are not pro-Hindu in their attitude due to their fear of losing the minority votes. The sole exception is the Shiv Sena in Maharashtra. Hence we need regional organizations and political parties who take pride in their state’s language and culture and at the same time are pro-Hindu, just like the Shiv Sena in Maharashtra.

Power sharing at the Centre

Since independence it is mostly a person from north India especially Uttar Pradesh who have occupied the position of Prime Minister of India. If at all others have occupied that position it is by fluke. But if a law is made by which the post of Prime Minister is rotated among different states in India, most of the leaders of regional parties in the south and east and north-eastern parts of India will definitely take a pro Hindu stance. As nearly 80 % of the populations in India are Hindus, neglecting the sentiments of the majority will cost them dearly in the elections. This move will also tone down their anti-outsider stance; promote Hindi (as they have to woo voters in other states) and bring unity among Hindus of different states.

Hindu should become pro-active and militant

Today Hindu groups protesting against the celebration of Valentine’s Day, against films hurting Hindu sentiments or against personalities/write-ups insulting Hinduism can be seen assaulting Hindu boys and girls, breaking windows, tearing posters, shouting slogans or burning tyres. Once the police with a lathi come they run away. The real need of the hour is formation of Hindu legions possessing modern firearms, highly trained and wholly devoted to the cause of Hindus and Hinduism. They should assist the army and police in apprehending and killing terrorists; in developing intelligence network of their own to gather information about possible terrorist attacks, identify sleeper’s cell and hatch plans to eliminate high profile terrorists like Dawood Ibrahim, Sayeed Lakvi, etc. If in any part of the world if even an American pet dog is accidentally hurt or injured the American government sends its war ships and fighter planes to punish the culprit. But if Hindus are butchered, raped and forcibly converted in countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh; harassed and humiliated in countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia (Tamil Hindus), Afghanistan    (the Sikhs) and Australia (where the Lebanese Arabs used to target Hindu students), the spineless Indian government does not do anything except issue statements. If there is an exclusive Hindu brigade, Hindus all over the world can expect timely help and their tormenters will think twice before attacking Hindus. The Hindu legions should establish sleeper cells in all countries where considerable numbers of Hindus live and the members of these cells should be trained and equipped with sniper rifles, pistols/revolvers with silencers and explosives. The said Hindu militia should infiltrate into the territories of Pakistan and Bangladesh and target high profile personalities like Army officers, politicians and the clerics working against Hindus and India.

At present such Hindu militia cannot be formed and will be considered as illegal by the government. But clandestinely Hindus must arm themselves and become so formidable that it must become impossible for any government to disarm them. Formation of a Hindu militia is very essential as the Indian electorate being politically immature could elect a Congress or Third Front government in future (for instance the recent victory of AAP in Delhi). And that government may ban Hindu organisations like R.S.S. and also take measures to fill the police and armed forces with members of the minority community. We should not forget that the R.S.S. was banned by the Congress government when it declared emergency during 1975. Only the existence of a powerful Hindu militia would prevent such moves by a futuristic so called secular government.

Urgent Need of a Hindu Militia

Just think over it. Of all the living animals (mammals) the most vulnerable is man. If not for his intelligence even domesticated animals like cow, ass, dog, cock can cause terrible bodily damage to him if at all a contest takes place between him and the said animals. The main reason is due to the fact that man possesses intellect and a lot of energy is consumed in thinking, while the animal lacking intellect conserves energy and utilizes it in physical activities including in contests. In the same way Hindus when compared to other religious groups in India are more intelligent, sensitive and has the reasoning power and the result is that even though numerically large in number they are always at the receiving end whenever communal riots break in any part of India. As a rabid communalist of Hyderabad has rightly said if not for the police and other security forces, a handful of fanatic Muslims can cause severe damage to the Hindus if instigated by their mullahs and maulvis. But how long can Hindus leave their security to the Indian police establishment who are just a mercenary force having worked earlier under the British and now working for the corrupt politicians.

Indian political parties cannot protect Hindus

Most of the Hindus are under the impression that if the BJP comes to power Hindus would be safe, which is a false notion. The BJP is like just another political party in India with an aim to capture power so as to enjoy it; while some of its leaders want to make quick bucks other want to earn fame. For instance see how the BJP reacted when one of its MP (Sakshi Maharaj) in a public speech asked Hindus to give birth to more children. He was given a show cause notice and reprimanded. After all he was asking Hindus to have more children and had not targeted or criticized any community. Can’t he express his personal view when the constitution has guaranteed freedom of speech? Contrast this with what the French government did after the Charlie Hebdo incident. It is said that the French government’s department of Culture financed money for the weekly to print lakhs of copies once again carrying the cartoons of Muhammad. Do you think the BJP government would have done the same? No, not even in their dreams they could have the guts to do that. To give another example what was the need to invite Obama who had humiliated Modi by denying him a visa, to the Republic Day function? Obama after enjoying all the honours showed his true colours by taunting the Modi government with the words that religious intolerance in India would have shocked Mahatma Gandhi. Why can’t Obama preach religious toleration to Saudi Arabia? However much India tries to appease USA, it will never stop aiding Pakistan or forsake the friendship of Saudi Arabia, the two countries where seeds of Islamic terrorism are sown and sprouted. These incidents shows that our leaders are more interested to showcase themselves as progressive, development oriented, peace lover, etc., than protecting the interests of the country. Recently Israel turned Gaza into rubbles when attacked by jihadist Hamas. In spite of international condemnation for its act to bomb schools and hospitals, Israel did not care as the jihadists had used women and children as shields and schools and colleges as launching pad to fire rockets towards Israel. Hence terrorist organizations like Al Qaida, ISIS, etc. do not dare to attack Israel and Israelis have been living amidst hostile aggressive neighbours for more than half a century. What this show is ‘Power begets Respect’.

Recently a Hindu convention was organized in Bangalore where Sri Praveen Togadia was supposed to speak. But the Bangalore police at the instigation of the ruling anti Hindu Congress government banned his entry into Bangalore. Now my question is even with a BJP government at the Centre which is supposed to be a Hindu nationalist party, the organisers of the Hindu convention could do nothing against the ban imposed by the police authorities of Bangalore. If there had been a Hindu militia the Congress government and the police would not have dared to impose a ban on Sri Togadia.

Formation of a Hindu Army

As mentioned in the beginning of the article, having a superior intellect the Hindus must accept the fact that they cannot take on the Muslims physically. Just like man uses his intelligence to tame a beast, Hindus should use modern gadgets to protect their interests. These modern gadgets are firearms like automatic pistols/revolvers and rifles. It was the firearms which gave courage to Europeans to set foot on new lands and explore the world and later conquer it. Hindus should get inspired by their Gods who fought frequently against the evil forces. Would we have worshipped Lord Rama if instead of fighting Ravana; he had sat in dharna outside the gate of Ravana’s palace? Lord Shiva is seen always with a trident, so also our Goddess Durga Mata and this should be imitated by all true Hindus. Instead of purchasing properties for their children, Hindus should purchase firearms which in the coming days could protect the lives of their sons and honour of their daughters. History tells us that Chandragupta Maurya took help from various quarters including outlaws to overthrow the Nanda dynasty. The proposed Hindu army should utilize the service of semi-literate, unemployed youths and also those having suicidal tendency and counsel the latter to die for a cause instead for trivial reasons. Every state should have its own Hindu army and they should coordinate with each other during the time of emergency. As for procuring arms, they could be purchased from international arms dealers or by bribing our security men. To train the Hindu army we could utilize the service of our ex-service men.

Combating Love Jihad and Rape Menace

The menace of love jihad is acquiring an alarming proportion but even the new government at the Centre is turning a blind eye to it and not taking any steps to combat it. In a subtle way the Bollywood provides impetus to young Hindu girls to elope with the Muslim boys. A majority of male actors in Bollywood are Muslims who have married Hindu women. Immature and innocent Hindu girls are influenced by this trend and are unaware of the developments in the long run which they have to face if they marry a Muslim boy.

The rigid caste system in the Hindu society and the conservative atmosphere hinders Hindu girls from expressing their sexual feeling. They know that if they fall in love with a Hindu boy coming from a caste different of hers, their marriage will be a mirage as the boy’s and her family members will oppose the marriage. It is the same fear which inhibits Hindu boys from expressing their sexual feelings. But that will not be a case if a Hindu girl falls in love with a Muslim boy. The boy’s family will accept her once she converts to Islam. Not only that the whole Muslim community will come her rescue if her family members tries to forcibly take her back.

One fact which all Hindus should be aware of is that if the Muslims become conservative, they attract adherents and achieve unity. For instance see how the Taliban, Al-Qaida and the Islamic State of Syria are attracting educated Muslims all over the world. But if the Hindus become conservative, it will be a hindrance for Hindu unity; because a conservative Hindu means belief in caste system, touch-me-notism, polytheism, prejudice against meat eaters, western culture, etc. The percentage of Hindu conservatives may be about five percent of the total Hindu population. Now how can we accept that 95% of the population adhere to the way of life followed by 5% of the population and which include many obnoxious and hypocritical practices. Hence to achieve Hindu unity Hindus must adapt a liberal attitude and shed conservatism. This will also attract new adherents to Hinduism from outside India.

Today jihadists have sophisticated weapons of mass destruction and huge reserve of petro dollars. India with its huge Muslim population will definitely be under their target. Hence there should be urgency on the part of Hindu organizations to acquire modern fire-arms and teach Hindu youths how to use them. But it is a pity that many Hindu organizations are involved in activities like assaulting couples in parks during Valentine’s Day just to gain cheap publicity. Instead these organizations should help Hindu boys and girls coming from different castes and who fall in love tie the knots of marriage. Islam prohibits Muslims from entering into any alliance with non-Muslims. Hence if a Muslim boy falls in love with a Hindu girl, he is going against the tenets of his religion. If a Muslim boy genuinely loves a Hindu girl, he must renounce his faith to marry her. Hindu organizations must bring these ex-Muslims into the Hindu fold and protect them from being assaulted by other Muslims. To encourage proselytization Hindus must give up their conservatism.

It is not proper to curb the sexual desires of our youths. If caste exclusiveness disappears, Hindu girls would prefer to marry Hindu boys and not fall prey to the advances of Muslim boys. This would stop love jihad and also create Hindu unity. If boys and girls are allowed freely to mingle and date even the instances of rapes will come down drastically as rapes occurs when sexual desires are forcibly restrained by the society in the name of culture, tradition and preserving the honour of the family and caste.

The Power of Death

Sleep is good, death is better, but the best would be never to have been born at all, wrote the German poet, Heinrich Heine. While birth means the beginning of bondage, death is the temporary release from bondage; for once again birth awaits those who die, like a lockup awaiting the return of a prisoner gone on parole. Hence in religion like Hinduism and Buddhism salvation means freedom from the cycles of birth and death. But compared to birth which is full of sufferings, death has many benefits like –

Freedom from humiliation

It is death which comes to one’s rescue when faced with the humiliation of being rejected by a lover, the shame of failing in an examination, failure to get a job in spite of several attempts made in this regard or the fear of a creditor confiscating one’s house for default of debt. To escape from the humiliation of being ravished by Muslim invaders, Rajput women used to commit jauhar i.e., enter fire and burn themselves to death.

Freedom from misery

Many people prefer death due to sheer boredom, especially when their dear and near ones have moved far away or have died. It is death which provides relief for those suffering from diseases and for those in dire economic state. Death comes as a succor for those who are forced to marry against their wishes or when forced to migrate leaving their hearth.

A weapon to make other yield

The threat to die is a good weapon to make others yield to our demands. It may be a son demanding money to start a venture or a daughter to marry her lover.

An intimidation for a possible violent reaction

Activists use death as a threat to intimidate their opponents. For instance Gandhiji used to threaten that he would fast up to death if his demands were not met with. This meant that if he died his followers would become emotional charged and his opponents may have to face dreadful consequences including violence.

A tool for revenge

After the partition of India, Muslim thugs in Pakistan abducted thousands of Hindu women and committed atrocities. One such woman who was gang raped later expressed her desire to marry the leader of the gang and get herself converted to Islam. After a month or so she told her husband that she wanted to give a feast on the occasion of her marriage and conversion and asked her husband to call his friends (who had raped her). She mixed poison in the food prepared and served it to her husband and her friends. Once they fell unconscious after consuming the food, she hammered their head and killed all of them and later committed suicide. In this way the Hindu women avenged her humiliation. This story should be a lesson for all those who commit suicide when falsely implicated in a crime or harassed by a powerful tormentor. The victim in these cases should kill those responsible for their misery before committing suicide.

Impetus for ethical living

It is said once saint Eknath was asked by one of his devotee how is that the former always remained calm and composed and does not get angry in spite of serious provocation. Instead of answering his question Eknath looked at him seriously and told him that he would live only for about a week. The stunned devotee took leave of Eknath. On the sixth day the devotee came back to have his last darshan of Eknath. When Eknath asked him whether he had felt angry with anyone during the past six days, the devotee replied how he could be as he had only a week to live and hence spent his time with his family, friends and even unknown people with all modesty. To this Eknath replied that it is not true that the devotee would die the next day and the reason to tell him like that was to see that the devotee himself experience that how life teaches us humbleness when we come to know our short-lived existence. Death is a power aid to teach us to live with modesty and also a deterrent to involve oneself in corrupt practices or living a life of vices.

Reveals the transitory nature of success and achievements

For all those who are after fame, ambitious, goal setters, want to break records, amass wealth and achieve success death comes as a full stop for all their activities. Whether it is money, fame or accolades it is all temporary and comes to an end with our death.

The ultimate tool for fighting the system

It is said that earlier in India people used to threaten a tyrant king that they would migrate to other countries if he did not change his way of governing. Fearing loss of revenue the king used to yield. At present we hear news of people committing suicide for reasons listed above. We human beings though not asked our consent before being brought into this world; unlike animals have a choice to leave this world by committing suicide. Committing suicide should be legalized as it is one’s right to die if he/she is unable to live according to his/her terms. Those committing suicide feel that their life is not worthwhile living. While that thinking may be their point of view, at least while dying they could take steps to make the world better for others to live. This they could do by eliminating or at least punishing a corrupt politician or bureaucrat before committing suicide. At present the corrupt politicians and bureaucrats have lost the fear of punishment for committing frauds. They know that people do not take risks to confront them as the result would be disastrous for persons who do so. After all people fear for their lives and they know that the politicians would do anything to harm their lives. But in case of those who have decided to commit suicide, they have nothing to lose. Hence they could, before committing suicide give a befitting reply to those involved in corrupt practices and anti-national activities. By doing so they could accumulate good karma and may find life in their next birth worth living. Instead of living for nothing, it would be better to die for something and that something is to cleanse the corrupt political system existing in our country.

Hinduvadis vis-à-vis Maovadis

Till now the public do not know the top leaders of the Maoists, where their headquarters is, how they plan, their organizational hierarchy, their source of arms and funding. Contrast this with Hindutva leaders and organizations; they are always in the news for one reason or the other. Recently a Hindu organization held an all India convention where a number of Hindu leaders from various organizations spoke on different issues affecting the Hindu society and religion and the proceedings of the convention was broadcasted live. Will not this move alert their enemies of what is going on in their rival’s camp and identify the leaders whom they could eliminate? For instance in Uttar Pradesh BJP leaders, in Tamilnadu and Kerala Hindu Munani and RSS leaders respectively are being target assassinated. Hence Hinduvadis should emulate the Maovadis and plan their move in secrecy.

Ideologies like Hindutva or Marxism are like medicines to cure ailments afflicting political and social systems. And medicines are bitter and had to be forced down the throat. The Maovadis know this truth and hence they do not believe in public protests or participate in elections and concentrate all their energies in accumulating arms and ammunitions with a view to capture political power. Having strong belief in the maxim that, power flows from the barrel of the gun, Maovadis have succeeded in creating awe and fear in the minds of the public including the government and media. In contrast the media ridicules the Hinduvadis and the government does not take their views seriously.

In India the military, para-military and the police force act as stooges to the ruling crook politicians. While the Maovadis have dared to challenge the para-military, I doubt whether our Hinduvadis could at least put a stiff resistance against the lathi wielding corrupt and inefficient policemen? The difference between the Hinduvadis and Maovadis is due to the latter’s commitment to his ideology. The Maovadis are committed to their ideology as seriously as the jihadis to their cause. Many of these jihadis are students from madrasas where they are taught Koran and Hadis. The jihadis are ready to take lives and sacrifice their own lives for their religion. Contrast this with the attitude of our boys who learn the Vedas and Gita in traditional schools? Are they ready to act as per the advice of Lord Krishna to fight against the evil? Never; their main aim of studying the Vedas is because it will help them in their livelihood, especially in the performance of some meaningless rituals in the house of the rich and the politicians.

With much dismay we have to accept the harsh reality of some Hindu organizations which are nothing but paper tigers and their leaders publicity hungry. A Hindu Rashtra cannot be achieved by these people. Hindus have to think big, as the patriot Lala Hardayal had said that if we Hindus want to keep our children and grandchildren safe not only we should convert all the Muslims of India (at that time India included the territories comprising the present day Pakistan and Bangladesh) but also Afghanistan. In contrast to the big dreams of such patriots, today we have Hindu organizations harassing youths celebrating Valentine’s Day, burning stores selling Valentine’s Day cards and involved in other cheap gimmicks. After all those young men and women who celebrate Valentine’s Day are Hindus. Today the impact of western culture is such that even in so called orthodox families after performing homas for elderly couples crossing certain age or on their fiftieth wedding anniversary, the youngsters in their families cut cake and celebrate. Today our enemies are not only using sophisticated arms but also technology in pursue of their goals. Hence Hinduvadis should not do anything which will alienate Hindu youths that too who is educated and instead utilize their service in realizing their objectives.

Urgent need for a new Hindu party

With the BJP coming to power at the center, a vacuum has been created among the political parties who would fight or at least highlight the problems faced by Hindus and Hinduism. In fact the BJP had never been a genuine Hindu party as in power its government was not much different from that of the Congress led government and only while in opposition it used to make noise when Hindu interests were harmed. With development being the mantra of the new BJP government, all efforts to rejuvenate Bharatheeya ethos and culture will take a back seat. Hence there is an urgent need for a genuine Hindu party with the following objectives as its goal.

  • To vigourously pursue Shuddhi movement, i.e., to bring back non-Hindus into the Hindu fold.
  • To eradicate caste-system and opening of priesthood to all Hindus.
  • To propagate the ideals of Sanatana Dharma and its philosophy to the outside world.
  • To make Sanskrit as the link/national language.
  • To ban conversion of Hindus to Islam and Christianity.
  • Introduce separate electorates for Muslims. They should be given one seat in each state to represent the total Muslim population of that state. But elected Muslim representatives should not be given any role in the formation of a government either at the State level or Centre when political parties fall short of majority to form the government. This will prevent Hindu politicians from pursuing appeasement policies and creating animosities between Hindus and Muslims.
  • To officially change the name of India into Bharath and to have a new national anthem composed in Sanskrit and a new national flag i.e., the Bhagvadwaja with om inscribed on it.
  • To allow Hindus to possess firearms without license for self-defense.
  • To close Aligarh Muslim and Jamia Milia Islamia Universities, Urdu medium schools and Madrasas as they are hindrance for Muslims to join the mainstream of Indian society.
  • To ban use of loud speakers in Mosques, offering namaz in public spaces and to stop giving subsidies for Haj pilgrims.
  • To ban Muslim men from practicing polygamy and Muslims couples from having more than two children.

The new party should be named as Akhila Bharateeya Sanatana Dharma Punaruthaan Samithi. The new Hindu party should not stand for elections and instead concentrate on building a strong mass cadre of dedicated men and women of integrity and commitment. Making a stand that it is opposed to electoral politics will prevent power hungry, unscrupulous and rowdy elements from joining the party. The support base for the BJP is from those who are in the corporate sector, English educated upper and middle class, army generals, IAS/IPS officers and legal luminaries. The new Hindu party should be a platform for the vernaculars, rural, lower and lower middle class, hawkers, self-employed, daily wage workers and for ordinary sepoys and policemen; as it is these people who are rooted in this land and devoted to its religion and culture.

Ithihas

Kaleidoscope of Indian civilization